Consciousness, Levels of…

Unconscious Incompetence

Conscious Incompetence

Conscious Competence

Unconscious Competence


A distinction is made up of two parts:

  1.  A CHARACTERISTIC or PROPERTY (amount, length, speed, frequency, height, time, pressure, direction, temperature, color)
  2. THE DIFFERENT VALUES OF THAT PROPERTY (short, medium, long; 2 sec, 5 sec, 10 sec; red, blue, green) 

Some examples:               


  • Short, medium, long
  • 4 cm, 5 cm, 10 cm


  • 20 seconds, 24 hours, 3 days

A distinction is made when the difference in the value of a characteristic or property makes one thing FUNDAMENTALLY different from another thing.  For skill transference purposes, a characteristic or property is not a fundamental property, if a difference in the values applied has no perceptible impact on the desired outcome (eg the cool graphics on my snowboard aren’t going to make a hill-of-beans of difference whether or not I orient myself to the board in such a precise way as to keep myself from catching an edge and executing a perfectly painful face plant in the snow).

Said another way – a distinction is the difference in value of a characteristic or property that makes an actual/realized difference in anticipated outcome.

It’s important to know that the property and the value of the property are only significant in relationship to the specific desired outcome.

For a deeper discussion, see “Distinctions




New/unskilled/uninitiated in relationship to the skill set under consideration


The individual wishing to acquire a given skill set that has little or no expertise in the given skill set.


Subject Matter Expert (SME)

The individual who has a depth of expertise in a given subject that, theoretically, can be converted into a methodically transferrable skill set and transferred to an individual of a lesser skill level.

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